Definition of terms used


Admissions: total number of tickets sold, referring to all films screened during the year (not only new releases).

Gross Box Office (GBO): total revenue from ticket sales, calculated as above, including VAT and/or other taxes.

Exhibitors: number of companies owning movie theatres. Some companies have different names but belong, directly or indirectly, for 50% or more to the same owner. Whenever this was known to us, we have counted these companies as one.

Cinemas: total number of cinema sites.

Screens: total number of screens in cinemas.

Seats: total number of cinema seats.

Number of seats per screen: number of seats divided by the number of screens.

Number of inhabitants per screen: population divided by the number of screens.

Frequency per capita: average number of cinema visits per capita, i.e. the number of admissions divided by the number of inhabitants.

Screening days / playing weeks / screenings: total number of screening days / playing weeks or screenings during the year in all cinemas of the country.

Art cinema: cinema designated as such by an association to which it belongs as programming mainly art films. Only commercial ones have been counted unless indicated otherwise. See Section 5 of the Methodological introduction

Screens in art cinemas: total number of screens located in art cinemas.

Average ticket price: Gross Box Office divided by the number of admissions.

Maximum ticket price: the highest price paid for a cinema ticket of any kind.

Business concentration: total of market shares, based on GBO, of the three leading exhibiting or distributing companies.

Technical equipment: number of screens, unless otherwise indicated, equipped with the listed systems. The data on Dolby, SDDS, THX and DTS were supplied directly by the manufacturers.

Advertising receipts: revenues to exhibitors from screen advertising. VAT: VAT (Value-added Tax) rate. Percentage of net or gross BO, as indicated.

Music rights/copyrights: percentage of (net or gross) BO that has to be paid to performing rights societies for the composers, arrangers and publishers of film music.

Government taxes: taxes, other than VAT and general company taxes, which cinemas have to pay to the national government (not including taxes on personal or corporate income).

Local taxes: see above, but to local authorities. E.g. entertainment tax.

Other: e.g. fees for national film institutes or funds.

Film production: national feature films produced each year for cinema release including co-productions. The definition of national films differs from country to country. See section 6 of the Introduction.

Full-length films: films with duration of 60 minutes or more.

Short films: films with duration of up to 59 minutes.

Top ten films: the 10 films with the highest number of admissions (admissions in previous years are not included).

Film production companies: total number of production companies active in the country.

Domestic films: since variations exist in different countries in respect of the definition of a “domestic” film, the indications here are based on the respective national sources. See section 6 of the Introduction.

Investments in production: total amount of money invested in the films produced during the year.

Windows: the period of time that must pass between the release of a film in one form of media and its next release (e.g. between theatrical release and video sale or rental).

Number of distributors: total number of active distribution companies.

Gross distribution revenue: total amount of gross film rentals.

Average film rental: percentage of net BO paid by exhibitors to distributors.

Market shares: percentage of GBO produced by domestic (incl. co-productions), US, European films (excl. national films) or films of other nationalities respectively.

Distributors’ market shares: market shares of US, European and national distributors respectively, i.e. the percentage of total distribution revenue brought in by US, national and other European distributors respectively. As is customary in statistics, data which is not available is marked by a dot (.). Figures of exactly zero are shown as a dash (-) and those approaching zero by 0 or 0,0 or 0,00. See the end of section 2 of the Introduction.