Definition of terms used


Admissions: total number of tickets sold, referring to all films screened during the year (not only new releases).

Gross Box Office (GBO): total revenue from ticket sales, calculated as above, including VAT and/or other taxes.

Exhibitors: number of companies owning movie theatres. Some companies have different names but belong, directly or indirectly, for 50% or more to the same owner. Whenever this was known to us, we have counted these companies as one.

Cinemas: total number of cinema sites.

Screens: total number of screens in cinemas.

Seats: total number of cinema seats.

Number of seats per screen: number of seats divided by the number of screens.

Number of inhabitants per screen: population divided by the number of screens.

Frequency per capita: average number of cinema visits per capita, i.e. the number of admissions divided by the number of inhabitants.

Screening days/playing weeks/screenings: total number of screening days/playing weeks or screenings during the year in all cinemas of the country.

Art cinema: cinema designated as such by an association to which it belongs as programming mainly art films. Only commercial ones have been counted unless indicated otherwise. See Section 5 of the Methodological introduction

Screens in art cinemas: total number of screens located in art cinemas.

Average ticket price: Gross Box Office divided by the number of admissions.

Maximum ticket price: the highest price paid for a cinema ticket of any kind.

Business concentration: total of market shares, based on GBO, of the three leading exhibiting or distributing companies.

Technical equipment: number of screens, unless otherwise indicated, equipped with the listed systems. The data on Dolby, SDDS, THX and DTS were supplied directly by the manufacturers.

Advertising receipts: revenues to exhibitors from screen advertising. VAT: VAT (Value-added Tax) rate. Percentage of net or gross BO, as indicated.

Music rights/copyrights: percentage of (net or gross) BO that has to be paid to performing rights societies for the composers, arrangers and publishers of film music.

Government taxes: taxes, other than VAT and general company taxes, which cinemas have to pay to the national government (not including taxes on personal or corporate income).

Local taxes: see above, but to local authorities. E.g. entertainment tax.

Other: e.g. fees for national film institutes or funds.

Film production: national feature films produced each year for cinema release including co-productions. The definition of national films differs from country to country. See Section 6 of the Introduction.

Full-length films: films with duration of 60 minutes or more.

Short films: films with duration of up to 59 minutes.

Top ten films: the 10 films with the highest number of admissions (admissions in previous years are not included).

Domestic films: since variations exist in different countries in respect of the definition of a “domestic” film, the indications here are based on the respective national sources. See Section 6 of the Introduction.

Film production companies: total number of production companies active in the country.

Investments in production: total amount of money invested in the films produced during the year.

Windows: the period of time that must pass between the release of a film in one form of media and its next release (e.g. between theatrical release and video sale or rental).

Number of distributors: total number of active distribution companies.

Gross distribution revenue: total amount of gross film rentals.

Average film rental: percentage of net BO paid by exhibitors to distributors.

Market shares: percentage of GBO produced by domestic (incl. co-productions), US, European films (excl. national films) or films of other nationalities respectively.

Distributors’ market shares: market shares of US, European and national distributors respectively, i.e. the percentage of total distribution revenue brought in by US, national and other European distributors respectively.


Note: As is customary in statistics, data which is not available is marked by a dot (.). Figures of exactly zero are shown as a dash (-) and those approaching zero by 0 or 0,0 or 0,00. See the end of Section 2 of the Introduction.